A team of astronomers led by the University of Warwick has discovered a white dwarf star spinning so quickly, that it breaks previous records. The star is also the second magnetic propeller found.
A white dwarf is what remains once a star, like our sun, exhausts its supply of nuclear fuel. These degenerate dwarves are very dense for their size, containing the mass of a star within the volume of a planet.
Not only does the white dwarf complete a full rotation in a record-breaking 25 seconds, about 20% faster than the last record-holder, but it is also an example of the magnetic propeller system, an extremely rare find. The next-fastest dwarf rotated fully in 29 seconds.
The propeller effect occurs in a binary system where the rapidly spinning dwarf pulls material from its companion body and flings it into space at high speeds. A small portion of the material is accreted, creating bright spots which rotate rapidly and allow researchers to detect the rotation period of the star.
The star, LAMOST J024048.51+195226.9 (J0240+1952 for short) is flinging gaseous plasma into space at an astonishing 3,000 kilometers per second. It is nearly the size of Earth (which takes 24-hours to make a full rotation) and holds approximately 200,000 times more mass than our planet.
The Warwick team used HiPERCAM, a super-sensitive instrument that was specially mounted on the largest functioning optical telescope in the world: Gran Telescopio Canarias in La Palma, in order to time J0240+1952.