Designer and manufacturer of total-package solutions for wireless and broadcast infrastructure, Radio Frequency Systems (RFS), has announced its Active Passive Antenna (APA) that is designed for the real-world challenges of 5G rollouts at.
The evolved APA features a modular architecture that allows mobile operators to deploy any RFS passive antenna today then seamlessly upgrade the antenna with active components when the time is right with no impact on either the passive or active aspects of antenna performance.
RFS’ APA combines the passive components needed for legacy frequency transmissions with the active components needed for 3.5GHz mMIMO transmissions in 5G networks in a single antenna. The main challenge associated with the interleaved architecture used in the APA is ensuring that frequency duplex division (FDD) transmissions that use passive components and time division duplex (TDD) transmissions that use active components do not interfere with one other and degrade performance.
RFS’ evolved APA has been extensively tested and optimized to ensure the interleaved architecture does not affect the functionality or performance of either the passive or the active components in the antenna.
In addition, the antenna features a modular, plug-and-play architecture that allows mobile operators to immediately deploy RFS passive FDD antennas, then add active TDD transmission capabilities in the future without changing the appearance, size or tower leasing costs of the original antenna.
Herbert Merz, President and CEO at RFS, said: “We understand that mobile operators need the ability to easily evolve to 5G without doubling the number of antennas on already-crowded macro sites or increasing leasing costs. With our future proof FUSION implementation, operators have a very cost-effective and practical strategy for 5G evolution.
“They can deploy our passive antennas today, then upgrade them as required to support 3.5 GHz mMIMO and smoothly evolve to a 5G future with no compromises to performance, no additional leasing costs and the lowest visual impact on the market.”
Fully interleaved APAs give operators a number of advantages as they evolve their networks to 5G:
- Simplify addition and ease maintenance or upgrade of mMIMO systems on existing crowded macro sites.
- Minimize visual impact and total cost of ownership (TCO).
- Ensure excellent RF performance for FDD and TDD transmissions.
- Uses shared chassis and RF components to minimize weight compared to other options.
- Require no additional antennas in a sector.
- Use passive antenna volume and a mechanical frame to enable an efficient thermal management system, resulting in a more robust and reliable system.
- Minimize additional operating expenditure (OPEX) and site negotiation requirements.
High-capacity 5G TDD trials are currently underway in markets including Europe, India, the Americas and Asia where 4G and 5G technologies must co-exist.